fbpx
search 

FunDiS West Coast Rare Fungi Challenge

Prepared by: Tiffany Theden, Christin Swearingen, Alex Mayberry & Roo Vandegrift
Image
This delicate, wrinkled little fungus is assumed to be a parasite on wet mosses. It likes places so wet it is even found underwater along mossy creek edges!

It is known from high mountain springs and northern latitudes, so might be in danger as global temperatures rise.
Image

D e s c r i p t i o n

This delicate little grey-brown mushroom grows directly on living mosses in wetlands, usually creeping moss mats. It has a kidney or fan-shaped cap with forked or wrinkled veins on the underside. When it dries out, the color turns paler. It is usually wet and rubbery-looking, as it grows in wetlands. The cap is up to 1½ inches across, and it smells fishy or like moss.
Most species of Arrhenia have widely spaced gills like little oyster mushrooms, thus the name “oysterling".
This one is unusual with wrinkled veins like a chanterelle!

What else could it be?

Veined Mossear (Rimbachia bryophila) grows on moss but has gills with cross-veins and is completely white. The Small Moss Oysterling (Arrhenia retiruga) also grows on moss and has veins, but is grey rather than brown, and often grows on elevated moss stems. It’s also generally smaller, not getting bigger than 5/8 inch. The Peeling Oysterling (Crepidotus mollis) can look similar, but has gills and grows on wood instead of moss.

Never eat wild mushrooms without a confident identification!

Contact Poison Control if you think you have eaten a poisonous mushroom: 1-800-222-1222

When & Where?

Image
This species has been proposed for the
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, but has not yet been assessed, accepted, or published.

Habitat

More information

Dewey R. 2009. Species Fact Sheet. Deschutes National Forest, USFS.
fs.fed.us/r6/sfpnw/issssp/documents/planning-docs/sfs-fu-arrhenia-lobata-2009-04.doc

Krisai-Greilhuber I. 2019. Arrhenia lobata. The Global Fungal Red List Initiative. iucn.ekoo.se/iucn/species_view/106608/

Laursen GA & Seppelt RD. 2009. Common Interior Alaska Cryptogams. University of Alaska Press: pg. 92-93.

Siegel N, Vellinga EC, Schwarz C, Castellano MA & Ikeda D. 2019. A Field Guide to the Rare Fungi of California’s National Forests. Bookmobile: pg. 31-32.
mykoweb.com/CAF/PDF/Rare_Fungi_of_CA_National_Forests.pdf

iNaturalist (7 obs.):
inaturalist.org/taxa/500137-Stereopsis-humphreyi

Mushroom Observer (4 obs.):
mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/1270

What to do if you find it:

Make an observation

The first thing to do is to record your observation. We prefer to use the iNaturalist app for that (visit www.iNaturalist.org to learn more), but you could also upload your observation to Mushroom Observer (visit www.MushroomObserver.org). The QR code to the right will take you to the Fungal Diversity Survey (FunDiS for short) website on how to “Contribute Observations” to the project.
The best thing you can do is take lots of photographs and notes. Typically, smartphones will automatically georeference any photos taken, but it is good practice to note your exact location, preferably with GPS coordinates, and what trees or other habitat features are nearby. For example, was the mushroom growing from duff and humus, or from bare soil? Did it have a particular smell?

Collect a specimen

If you are in an area where it is allowed and have any necessary permits, we strongly urge you to create a vouchered collection. This means a dried specimen for deposit in a herbarium, where researchers can access it for things like DNA sequencing. If you don’t know how to do this, please see: 

         fundis.org/sequence/sequence/dry-your-specimens 

In California, collecting mushrooms is usually allowed in National Forests with a permit. Permits can be obtained at the headquarters of the National Forest you're visiting, and are usually inexpensive or free. However, restrictions vary among the individual National Forests, so make sure to find out the specifics when picking up your permit. In Oregon, Washington, and Alaska, most State and Federal lands allow collecting up to a gallon per day without a permit, but again, regulations vary, so check ahead of time.

Don’t forget to look for other mushrooms and fungi while you’re there! Like other Rare Fungi, part of why this mushroom is rare is because it grows in a place that mushroom pickers don’t generally go: wet coastal Sitka spruce forests. Since you’ve already got iNaturalist open, why not record your other finds?

Most mushrooms are like fruit: picking an apple from an apple tree doesn’t hurt the tree. In the same way, harvesting mushrooms does not generally hurt the mycelium of the fungus. We do still recommend leaving some mushrooms behind, and not picking perennial mushrooms, like brackets and conks.

Who to contact

If you think you’ve found this mushroom, and you’re not sure about any of the above, such as how to report the find, whether you can collect it, or what to do with it once you have collected it, please contact us! 

      WestCoast_Rare@fundis.org

About Fungal Diversity Survey

FunDiS is dedicated to a world in which the fungal kingdom is fully documented, understood, appreciated and protected.