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FunDiS West Coast Rare Fungi Challenge

Prepared by: Tiffany Theden, Else C. Vellinga, Alex Mayberry & Roo Vandegrift
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First collected in 2011, this recently discovered species is an absolute kick to find!

An extremely rare species, the Short-branched Dendro has only ever been found twice. Keep your eyes peeled for this tiny mushroom in moist, forested areas, possibly growing from the remnants of old decaying mushrooms.

You might just be the lucky one to find the third location for this unique little mushroom!
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Description

Truly looking like it came from outer space this Dendrocollybia species is a treat to find! It is tiny with its half-inch wide cap; it is grey with some pale brown, so it won’t catch the eye with flashy colors. However, it makes up for all the inconspicuousness by having a stem that is completely covered in short white side branches, reminiscent of a blackberry stem but different. The spores, formed on the gills, are white.

The little side branches make asexual spores, and if that is not crazy enough, the mushrooms grow out of black bumpy sclerotia on the remnants of old rotting mushrooms. A sclerotium is for this mushroom what the bulb is for a tulip.

What else could it be?

Its bigger and much more common sister, the Long-branched Dendro (D. racemosa), is equally small- and grey-capped, but taller, and grows in clusters with spindly stems. The side branches can be up to 1/4 inch long and they are not nearly as densely placed on the main stem as in D. ‘pycnoramella’.

Other little grey mushrooms can be found as well, but none of them have these side branches on the main stem, and they all lack a sclerotium. But, don’t ignore them, as very little is known about all those small treasures, and many are still nameless. They belong, depending on their spore characters, to genera like Pseudobaeospora, Tephrocybe, or Rhodocybe.

Never eat wild mushrooms without a confident identification!

Contact Poison Control if you think you have eaten a poisonous mushroom: 1-800-222-1222

When & Where?

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This species has been proposed and assessed for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, but has not yet been accepted and published.

Habitat

More information

Siegel N & Schwarz C. 2016. Mushrooms of the Redwood Coast: A Comprehensive Guide to the Fungi of Coastal Northern California. Ten Speed Press: pg. 339.

Siegel N, Vellinga EC, Schwarz C, Castellano MA & Ikeda D. 2019. A Field Guide to the Rare Fungi of California’s National Forests. Bookmobile: pg. 60-61.
www.mykoweb.com/CAF/PDF/Rare_Fungi_of_CA_National_ Forests.pdf

Schwarz C. Dendrocollybia pycnoramella. The Global Fungal Red List Initiative.
http://iucn.ekoo.se/iucn/species_view/1000163/

What to do if you find it:

Make an observation

The first thing to do is to record your observation. We prefer to use the iNaturalist app for that (visit www.iNaturalist.org to learn more), but you could also upload your observation to Mushroom Observer (visit www.MushroomObserver.org). The QR code to the right will take you to the Fungal Diversity Survey (FunDiS for short) website on how to “Contribute Observations” to the project. The best thing you can do is take lots of photographs and notes. Typically, smartphones will automatically georeference any photos taken, but it is good practice to note your exact location, preferably with GPS coordinates, and be sure to note what trees or other habitat features are nearby. For example, was the mushroom growing from decaying grass and humus, or from bare soil? Did it have a particular smell?

Collect a specimen

If you are in an area where it is allowed and have any necessary permits, we strongly urge you to create a vouchered collection. This means a dried specimen for deposit in a herbarium, where researchers can access it for things like DNA sequencing. If you don’t know how to do this, please see: 

         fundis.org/sequence/sequence/dry-your-specimens 

In California, collecting mushrooms is usually allowed in National Forests with a permit. Permits can be obtained at the headquarters of the National Forest you're visiting, and are usually inexpensive or free. However, restrictions vary among the individual National Forests, so make sure to find out the specifics when picking up your permit. State and County Parks generally do not allow mushroom picking, but regulations vary, so make sure to check your destination before you go out. In Oregon and Washington, most State and Federal lands allow collecting up to a gallon without a permit, but again, regulations vary, so check ahead of time.

Don’t forget to look for other mushrooms and fungi while you’re there! Like other Rare Fungi, part of why this mushroom is rare is because it grows in a place that mushroom pickers don’t generally go: seasonally wet grasslands. Since you’ve already got iNaturalist open, why not record your other finds?

Most mushrooms are like fruit: picking an apple from an apple tree doesn’t hurt the tree. In the same way, harvesting mushrooms does not generally hurt the mycelium of the fungus. We do still recommend leaving some mushrooms behind, and not picking perennial mushrooms, like brackets and conks.

Who to contact

If you think you’ve found this mushroom, and you’re not sure about any of the above, such as how to report the find, whether you can collect it, or what to do with it once you have collected it, please contact us! 

      WestCoast_Rare@fundis.org

About Fungal Diversity Survey

FunDiS is dedicated to a world in which the fungal kingdom is fully documented, understood, appreciated and protected.