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WEST COAST RARE 10 CHALLENGE

Prepared by: Roo Vandegrift, Bitty A. Roy, & Joanne Schwartz
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We encourage you to find a patch of manzanita or Pacific madrone and look for this lovely little yellow stalked ascomycete! It is only known from six verified dried collections from California. It is always worth visiting new habitats because they are often under-explored, giving you a chance to find something no one else has seen either.

Want to have an adventure?
— Explore a new habitat!

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Description

What does it look like? It is tongue-shaped (“spathulate” if you want to impress your friends), often lumpy, with a golden head and a paler stem that is about 1–2 inches tall. It dries a little redder orange. The flesh is leathery, not gelatinous.

What else could it be?

All the other fungi that the Manzanita Butter Clump could be confused with live under conifers instead of manzanita or madrone.

Spathularia flavida occurs in conifer duff and it is flatter and paler;

Pachycudonia monticola is brownish pink and under conifers at higher elevations; and Cudonia circinans, which is more rounded and brownish, is often associated with Sitka spruce.

Lastly, Jelly Babies (Leotia lubrica) may be similar in size and color, but will have a viscid cap and gelatinous core to the flesh.



CautionNever eat wild mushrooms without a confident identification!
Contact Poison Control if you think you have eaten a poisonous mushroom: 1-800-222-1222.

When & Where?


Habitat


Pacific Madrone is easily recognized by its bark: the flaking outer bark overlaying smooth inner bark, ofter in warm oranges and reddish-browns, is a dead give-away.

More Information

Siegel N, Vellinga EC, Schwarz C, Castellano MA, Ikeda D. 2018. A field guide to the rare fungi of California’s National Forests. Bookmobile: pg. 277–268. Accessible at:
mykoweb.com/CAF/PDF/Rare_Fungi_of_CA_National_Forests.pdf

iNaturalist (8 obs.):
inaturalist.org/taxa/1090621-Cudonia-spathulata

Mushroom Observer (2 obs.):
mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/31120

What to do if you find it:

Make an observation

The first thing to do is to record your observation. We prefer to use the iNaturalist app for that (visit www.iNaturalist.org to learn more), but you could also upload your observation to Mushroom Observer (visit www.MushroomObserver.org). The QR code to the right will take you to the Fungal Diversity Survey (FunDiS for short) website on how to “Contribute Observations” to the project.

The best thing you can do is take lots of photographs and notes. Typically, smartphones will automatically georeference any photos taken, but it is good practice to note your exact location, preferably with GPS coordinates, and what trees or other habitat features are nearby. For example, was the mushroom growing from duff and humus, or from bare soil? Did it have a particular smell? 

Collect a specimen

If you are in an area where it is allowed and have any necessary permits, we strongly urge you to create a vouchered collection. This means a dried specimen for deposit in a herbarium, where researchers can access it for things like DNA sequencing. If you don’t know how to do this, please see: 

         fundis.org/sequence/sequence/dry-your-specimens 

In California, collecting mushrooms is usually allowed in National Forests with a permit. Permits can be obtained at the headquarters of the National Forest you're visiting, and are usually inexpensive or free. However, restrictions vary among the individual National Forests, so make sure to find out the specifics when picking up your permit. State and County Parks generally do not allow mushroom picking, but regulations vary, so make sure to check your destination before you go out. In Oregon, most State and Federal lands allow collecting up to a gallon without a permit, but again, regulations vary, so check ahead of time. 

Don’t forget to look for other mushrooms and fungi while you’re there! Like other Rare Fungi, part of why this mushroom is rare is because it grows in a place that mushroom pickers don’t generally go: Coastal Redwood Forests. Since you’ve already got iNaturalist open, why not record your other finds?

Most mushrooms are like fruit: picking an apple from an apple tree doesn’t hurt the tree. In the same way, harvesting mushrooms does not generally hurt the mycelium of the fungus. We do still recommend leaving some mushrooms behind, and not picking perennial mushrooms, like brackets and conks.

Who to contact

If you think you’ve found this mushroom, and you’re not sure about any of the above, such as how to report the find, whether you can collect it, or what to do with it once you have collected it, please contact us! 

      conservation@fundis.org


About Fungal Diversity Survey

FunDiS is dedicated to a world in which the fungal kingdom is fully documented, understood, appreciated and protected.